Friday, September 18, 2009
From About.com womens history site
I personally thought this was very interesting and it spurred me on to committ to voting again. ( I quit when Gore got ripped off against ol Dubya bush, I was so angry with our congress and our lack of real voting rights) I think it is sad a young woman has to take women's history classes in college to get any sort of info on these heroines.
Since so many women worked long and tirelessly for us to have the right to have a voice, I am now chagrined that I take things for granted. Those sisters in suffering truly paid dire consequences and endured jeering, slander, harrassment to fight for their sisters in the US to be heard. Of course many were upper middle class or higher status, and did have a sense of duty as well as the confidence to take this on. I suppose poor women with kids participated, but I am of the mind that they were stuck with kids and surviving.
Key events in the struggle for women's suffrage in America.
1837: Young teacher Susan B. Anthony asked for equal pay for women teachers.
July 14, 1848: call to a woman's rights convention appeared in a Seneca County, New York, newspaper.
July 19-20, 1848: Woman's Rights Convention held in Seneca Falls, New York.
October, 1850: first National Woman's Rights Convention was held in Worcester, Massachusetts.
1851: Sojourner Truth defends woman's rights and "Negroes' rights" at a women's convention in Akron, Ohio.
1855: Lucy Stone and Henry Blackwell married in a ceremony renouncing the legal authority of a husband over a wife, and Stone kept her last name.
January 8, 1868: first issue of The Revolution appeared.
1868: New England Woman Suffrage Association founded to focus on woman suffrage; dissolves in a split in just another year.
1869: National Woman Suffrage Association founded primarily by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
November 1869: American Woman Suffrage Association founded in Cleveland, created primarily by Lucy Stone, Henry Blackwell, Thomas Wentworth Higginson, and Julia Ward Howe.
December 10, 1869: Wyoming territory passed a law permitting women to vote.
1872: Republican Party platform included a reference to woman suffrage.
1872: Campaign was initiated by Susan B. Anthony to encourage women to register to vote and then vote, using the Fourteenth Amendment as justification.
November 5, 1872: Susan B. Anthony and others attempted to vote; some, including Anthony, are arrested.
June 1873: Susan B. Anthony was tried for "illegally" voting.
January 10, 1878: The "Anthony Amendment" to extend the vote to women was introduced into the United States Congress.
1878: First Senate committee hearing on the Anthony Amendment.
1880: Lucretia Mott died.
1887: Three volumes of a history of the woman suffrage effort were published, written primarily by Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and Mathilda Jocelyn Gage.
1890: American Woman Suffrage Association and National Woman Suffrage Association merge into the National American Woman Suffrage Association.
1893: Colorado passed a referendum giving women the vote.
1893: Lucy Stone died.
January 25, 1887: The United States Senate voted on woman suffrage for the first time -- and also for the last time in 25 years.
1896: Utah and Idaho passed woman suffrage laws.
1900: Carrie Chapman Catt became president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association.
1902: Elizabeth Cady Stanton died.
1904: Anna Howard Shaw became president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association.
1906: Susan B. Anthony died.
1910: Washington State established woman suffrage.
May 4, 1912: Women marched up Fifth Avenue in New York City, demanding the vote.
May 4, 1913: About 5,000 paraded for woman suffrage up Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, DC.
1913: Women in Illinois were given the vote in most elections -- the first state East of the Mississippi to pass a woman suffrage law.
1913: Alice Paul formed the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage, first within the National American Woman Suffrage Association.
1914: The Congressional Union split from the National American Woman Suffrage Association.
1915: Carrie Chapman Catt elected to presidency of the National American Woman Suffrage Association.
1916: The Congressional Union recreated itself as the National Woman's Party.
1917: National American Woman Suffrage Association officers meet with President Wilson. (photo)
1917: National Woman's Party began picketing the White House.
June 1917: Arrests began of pickets at the White House.
1917: Montana elected Jeannette Rankin to the United States Congress.
March 1918: A court declared invalid the White House suffrage protest arrests.
January 10, 1918: House of Representatives passed the Anthony Amendment but the Senate failed to pass it.
May 21, 1919: United States House of Representatives passed the Anthony Amendment again.
June 4, 1919: United States Senate approved the Anthony Amendment.
August 18, 1920: Tennessee legislature ratified the Anthony Amendment by a single vote, giving the Amendment the necessary states for ratification.
August 24, 1920: Tennessee governor signed the Anthony Amendment.
August 26, 1920: United States Secretary of State signed the Anthony Amendment into law.
1923: Equal Rights Amendment introduced into the United States Congress.